Medicinal plants

The table below lists many of the plants initially selected by our program for collection testing. Each is linked to a corresponding informational page on the USDA Plants Database website.

Achillea millefolium
Yarrow
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Ragweed
Ambrosia psilostachya
Ragweed
Ambrosia trifida
Great ragweed
Amorpha canescens
Lead plant
Amorpha fruticosa
Desert false indigo
Anemone canadensis
Meadow anemone
Antennaria neglecta
Field pussytoes
Argemone polyanthemos
Prickly poppy
Artemisia campestris
Field sagewort
Artemisia frigida
Prairie sagewort
Artemisia ludoviciana
White sage
Asclepias pumila
Plains milkweed
Asclepias speciosa
Showy milkweed
Asclepias syriaca
Common milkweed
Asclepias tuberosa
Butterfly milkweed
Asclepias verticillata
Whorled milkweed
Aster ericoides
Heath aster
Aster falcatus
White prairie aster
Astragalus bisulcatus
Twogrooved milkvetch
Astragalus canadensis
Canada milkvetch
Astragalus crassicarpus
Common ground plum
Astragalus mollissimus
Woolly locoweed
Astragalus racemosus
Cream milkvetch
Baptisia australis
Blue false indigo
Baptisia bracteata
Yellow wild indigo
Baptisia lactea
White wild indigo
Callirhoe involucrata
Purple poppy mallow
Cassia marilandica
Maryland senna
Ceanothus herbaceous
New Jersey tea
Chrysopsis villosa
Rough goldenaster
Chrysothamnus nauseosus
Greenplume rabbitbush
Cirsium ochrocentrum
Yellowspine thistle
Cirsium undulatum
Wavyleaf thistle
Cleome serrulata
Rocky Mountain bee plant
Conyza canadensis
Horseweed
Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains coreopsis
Cornus drummondii
Roughleaf dogwood
Cucurbita foetidissima
Missouri gourd
Dalea candida
White prairie clover
Dalea enneandra
Nineanther dalea
Dalea purpurea
Purple prairie clover
Delphinium virescens
Prairie larkspur
Desmanthus illinoensis
Illinois bundleflower
Echinacea angustifolia
Purple coneflower
Echinacea pallida
Pale purple coneflower
Eriogonum jamesii
Wild buckwheat
Eryngium yuccifolium
Rattlesnake master
Erysimum asperum
Western wallflower
Euphorbia corollata
Flowering spurge
Euphorbia marginata
Snow on the mountain
Gaillardia pulchella
Blanket flower
Gaura coccinea
Scarlet gaura
Gaura parviflora
Velvetweed
Gentiana puberulenta
Downy gentian
Glycyrrhiza lepidota
American licorice
Gnapthalium obtusifolium
Fragrant everlasting
Grindelia squarrosa
Curly-top gumweed
Gutierrezia sarothrae
Broom snakeweed
Helianthus annuus
Sunflower
Helianthus grosseserratus
Sawtooth sunflower
Ipomoea pandurata
Man of the earth
Juniperus scopulorum
Rocky Mountain juniper
Juniperus virginiana
Eastern red cedar
Lespedeza capitata
Round-head lespedeza
Liatris aspera
Tall blazing star
Liatris punctata
Dotted gayfeather
Lithospermum incisum
Narrowleaf puccoon
Lomatium foeniculaceum
Prairie parsley
Lygodesmia juncea
Skeleton weed
Mentzelia pumila
Dwarf mentzelia
Monarda fistulosa
Beebalm
Monarda pectinata
Pony beebalm
Oenothera biennis
Evening primrose
Oenothera rhombipetala
Fourpoint evening primrose
Oxytropis lambertii
Purple locoweed
Penstemon digitalis
Foxglove beardtongue
Penstemon grandiflorus
Shell-leaf beardtongue
Physalis heterophylla
Clammy ground cherry
Physalis pumila
Dwarf ground cherry
Polygala alba
White milkwort
Populus deltoides
Cottonwood
Prunus americana
Wild plum
Prunus virginiana
Chokecherry
Psoralea argophylla
Silverleaf scurfpea
Psoralea esculenta
Large Indian breadroot
Psoralea tenuiflora
Many-flowered scurfpea
Ratibida columnifera
Prairie coneflower
Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac
Rhus glabra
Smooth sumac
Ribes odoratum
Golden currant
Rosa arkansana
Prairie wild rose
Rumex altissimus
Pale dock
Silphium laciniatum
Compass plant
Solanum carolinense
Carolina horsenettle
Solanum elaeagnifolium
Silverleaf nightshade
Solanum rostratum
Buffalobur nightshade
Solidago canadensis
Canada goldenrod
Sphaeralcea coccinea
Scarlet globe mallow
Symphoricarpos occidentalis
Western snowberry
Tephrosia virginiana
Goat’s rue
Veronicastrum virginicum
Culver’s root
Yucca glauca
Small soapweed